EUROCONTROL statistics foresee a traffic increase of 60% for Turkey, for the period 2002 to 2008, and Turkey has made progress on the projects given below, which will lead Turkish ATM to have a system capable of absorbing traffic growth up to 2020 and beyond.
To take the necessary measures to guarantee the safe and correct functioning of the existing system until the SMART Project becomes fully operational; an interim project is required to absorb this traffic growth. The interim system will be housed in existing facilities and an interim replacement of old equipment will be finished by the end of 2006.
In this frame; all radar systems will be replaced, except for radar sensors. (For example; replacement of SDP, FDP, REC/PLB Systems, replacement of all existing displays with new coloured displays and replacement of İstanbul and Ankara VCS).
The main project for the improvement of Turkeys ATM infrastructure is the SMART (Systematic Modernisation of ATM Resources in Turkey) Project. The intention of the SMART Project is to allow Turkey to modernise its ATM systems for more capacity, safety and efficiency. With this project, it is planned to meet the objectives of the LCIP, ECIP, ATM 2000+ Programmes in an orderly, economic and risk-free way, with priorities set according to needs.
To ensure that customer requirements are satisfied, the planning process was designed to match resources to the ever-increasing demand for capacity.
The Stakeholder Implementation Service Business Unit of Eurocontrol (SIS) has been providing assistance to DHMİ in achieving these positive results.
Turkey has also accelerated its studies for the SMART project and the deadline has been designated as 2008; but the support of Eurocontrol will continue until 2010.
The SMART Project gathers a number of sub projects and strategies in one global project. It can be divided into six parts:
I. New Ankara ACC-APP Centre
II. TAMP - Turkish ATC Modernisation Project (New ATC Systems For Ankara ACC/APP and Other APPs)
III. Replacement of Present Radar Sensors
IV. Integrating of Replaced Radars to ATC Centres
V. National Data Network
VI. New AIS System (Aeronautical Information Services) and Integration to European EAD
I. New Ankara ACC-APP Centre: This project aims to merge the several current Turkish ACCs into one new centre. The new Centralised ACC centre will be constructed in Ankara in a new building, with new ATC systems to take the overall responsibility of en-route ATC services. In this way, the entire Turkish airspace will be controlled from one centre, maintaining a fast, safe, reliable and modern service, providing and obtaining more capacity with a technically feasible system.
The İstanbul, İzmir, Antalya, Dalaman and Bodrum ATC centres will provide APP and TWR services below FL 245. For this
reason, replacement or extension of the existing units (the APP of Ankara will be in the ACC Building) and construction of new buildings for Antalya and İstanbul-Atatürk TWRs will also be completed.
In case of a system failure or degradation, the İstanbul, İzmir and Antalya ATC centres with their own back-up facilities will take over the responsibilities of a centralised ACC.
In the new Ankara ACC/APP Building, the Operations Room volume is planned to be (OPS) 1900 m2, containing the following:
- 40 CWP (Controller Working Position) for ACC sectors,
- 6 CWP for APP,
- 3 CWP for military controllers,
- 4 CWP for centre Supervisor,
- 11 CWP for spare positions,
- 4 CWP for FDA and,
- Predicted extension area for 30 CWP.
The foreseen predicted volume for OPS-Support rooms is about 7500 m2.
- 1850 m2 ATC Systems Room
- 550 m2 Offices related with OPS
- 500 m2 Simulator and Training rooms
- 2.100 m2 Building technical requirements (HVAC, fire etc)
- 1.000 m2 Maintenance Areas (shops, depot and offices)
- 450 m2 Electrical Aux. Areas (EPS, UPS, Batteries)
- 800 m2 Medical support area, showers, rest rooms, cabinets, visitor areas etc.
- 250 m2 social areas (sport and other activities).
II. TAMP-Turkish ATC Modernisation Project: (New ATC Systems for Ankara ACC/APP and Other APPs) The major enabler of SMART is the TAMP (Turkish ATM Modernisation Project) which consists of:
- A state-of-the-art Radar Data Processing System (ARTAS and Local Trackers for fall-back)/Flight Data Processing System/ODS System. The supply of which will be together with the new Ankara ACC Building .
- Safety nets (short term conflict alert, minimum safe altitude warning, ground proximity warning) and other controller tools (monitoring aids, medium term conflict detection);
- system monitoring and control;
- environment data management and distribution;
- human-machine interface;
- recording, replay and data analysis;
III. Replacement of Present Radar Sensors: This period will begin by 2006 and includes the replacements of 12 MSSR and three PSR Sensors. In addition to this, the below sensors have already been installed and were put into operation in 2004:
- Installation of 2 new MSSR in eastern part of Ankara FIR;
- Installation of a new PSR/MSSR for Ankara TMA;
- Installation of a new PSR and 2 MSSR for İstanbul TMA;
- Installation of a new PSR / MSSR for Milas/ Bodrum TMA;
This part of the Project is also consist of the integration of new MSSR systems to the existing network and upgrading of all PSR systems to the functionality of weather detection and 2-D display on controller working positions.
IV. Integration of Replaced Radars To ATC Centres: Within this period, the integration of all replaced radar to ATC Centres will be carried out.
V. National Data Network: By this project, a National Data Network will be established and all operational ATS units will be connected to each other to obtain ARTAS, FDP and radar sensor data.
VI. New AIS System (Aeronautical Information Services) And Integration To European EAD: This project aims the integration of the new AIS System to the European EAD, which will be a unique reference database of aeronautical information on behalf of the states of the European Civil Aviation Conference (Participating States).
With this new AIS System it will be possible to reach the common database of aeronautical information and provide facilities for the input and checking of data for flight operations and distribution of data to EAD clients.
The complete failure of the Ankara ACC/APP or the main APPs due to failure of power supply, fire, explosion, or other unforeseen reasons, necessitates a plan for the redistribution of Air Traffic Services to nominated contingency units, such that the flow of traffic throughout Turkish airspace can be maintained, albeit at a reduced rate. The contingency units are nominated according to the following table. Note that this contingency plan is based on the assumption that the possibility of the simultaneous failure of multiple units is negligible.
- New AFTN/CIDIN system, upgrading of existing Ankara and İstanbul FDP systems with OLDI links and installation of new remote FDP systems to İzmir and Antalya ATC centres, are completed.
- New VCS Systems which have digital lines and network capability are installed at Atatürk ATC Centre and installation is in progress for the Esenboğa ATC Centre.
- Approach and landing system at Atatürk International Airport for Runway 18 R, 36 L has been completely installed
- Installation of DDS-80 has been completed at İzmir.
- 1 new working position will be added to the existing ones in İzmir.
OTHER IMPORTANT NATIONAL PROJECTS:
- Improvement of the present air/ground and ground/ground communications infrastructure and the planning of the future infrastructure for SMART (networks etc),
- Airspace and airport re-organisation studies, demonstrations and simulations to increase system capacity in the short- to medium-term and to allow the optimum benefits to be obtained from the future system,
- Upgrading/replacement studies of existing sensors that are reaching the end of their useful life. Sensors will be treated on a case-by-case basis and replacement carried out if upgrading has poor cost-benefit ratio(s),
- Training curriculum, particularly for Controllers,
- Upgrading of the Simulator system housed in the Esenboğa Training Centre (before end-2005),
- New terminal buildings at some other major Turkish airports,
- Independent parallel runway in Antalya and third runway in İstanbul with ILS systems
- ILS for Malatya Airport and Antalya International Airport for Runway 18 L will be installed,
- Re-sectorisation of upper and lower airspace and improvement of the ATS route network with feeder links,
- Redesign of departure and arrival procedures in a de-conflict way,
- Studies for developing airport capacities,
- Replacement of existing VORs, serving for TMA and en-route operations.
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